psalm 22 commentary

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Who then can stand before God's anger? Save Me from the lion's mouth: save Me from the mouth of the kingdom of this world: and my humility from the horns of the unicorns Psalm 21:21. "Lord, thou gavest me the victory then, give it me now, that I may spoil principalities and powers, and cast out the prince of this world.’’ Has God delivered us from the horns of the unicorn, that we be not tossed? 11:52 , Eph. In the first words of this complaint, he poured out his soul before God when he was upon the cross, Matthew 27:46. The Book of Psalms is the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament. In Latin, it is known as "Deus, Deus meus". He that was our fathers’ God must be ours, and will therefore be ours. Being truly man, Christ felt a natural unwillingness to pass through such great sorrows, yet his zeal and love prevailed. 3. Verses 1-10 Some think they find Christ in the title of this psalm, upon Aijeleth Shahar —The hind of the morning. Every lesson may here be learned that can profit the humbled soul. why am I poor? Of the exaltation of Christ, ver. Let this therefore confirm our faith in him as the true Messiah, and inflame our love to him as the best of friends, who loved us and suffered all this for us.II. ii. My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? He prays, 1. In these verses we have Christ suffering and Christ praying, by which we are directed to look for crosses and to look up to God under them.I. Redemption by Christ is the Lord's own doing. It pleased him to think, 1. But, Christ having made himself sin for us, in conformity thereunto the Father laid him under the present impressions of his wrath and displeasure against sin. This he dreaded more than any thing, Gen. 3:24 . 2. Observe, 1. 1:13 . 16:8 ), My leanness, rising up in me, beareth witness to my face. I do not use my soul as my darling, unless I take care to preserve it from every thing that would hurt it and to provide all necessaries for it, and be entirely tender of its welfare.’’ (2.) Psalms 22:28 For the kingdom is the LORD's: and he is the governor among the nations. He trod the wine-press alone; for all his disciples forsook him and fled. Indeed, this psalm is an appropriate lectionary reading for Good Friday because the Gospels cite and allude to it at least five times in the crucifixion account. The shame of nakedness was the immediate consequence of sin; and therefore our Lord Jesus was stripped of his clothes, when he was crucified, that he might clothe us with the robe of his righteousness, and that the shame of our nakedness might not appear. The psalm forms a regular p Spiritual desertions are the saints' sorest afflictions; but even their complaint of these burdens is a sign of spiritual life, and spiritual senses exercised. Those that are fat upon the earth, that live in pomp and power, shall eat and worship; even those that fare deliciously, when they have eaten and are full, shall bless the Lord their God for their plenty and prosperity. Our Lord Jesus, in his sufferings, supported himself with this—that all the fathers who were types of him in his sufferings, Noah, Joseph, David, Jonah, and others, were in due time delivered and were types of his exaltation too; therefore he knew that he also should not be confounded, Isa. Psalm 22 is the 22nd psalm of the Book of Psalms, generally known in English by its first verse, in the King James Version, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" Here is, (1.) 2. I will praise you in the congregation. Spiritual desertions are the saints’ sorest afflictions; when their evidences are clouded, divine consolations suspended, their communion with God interrupted, and the terrors of God set in array against them, how sad are their spirits, and how sapless all their comforts! We have a sorrowful complaint of God's withdrawings. Here is a complaint of the contempt and reproach of men. 61:9 Isa. See the early instances of God’s providential care for us, 1. This is a reversal of Ps. 26 The afflicted will eat and be satisfied; 27:39 ); they wagged their heads, nay, and so far did their malice make them forget themselves that they used the very words (v. 43), He trusted in God; let him deliver him. And though it was no great instance of Christ’s suffering, yet it is a great instance of the fulfilling of the scripture in him. In this psalm he speaks, I. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The Spirit of Christ, which was in the prophets, testifies in this psalm, as clearly and fully as any where in all the Old Testament, "the sufferings of Christ and the glory that should follow’’ (, Some think they find Christ in the title of this psalm, upon. Audio Commentary: Psalm 22 Psalm 22 1 My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? 2 O my God, I cry in the day time, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent. There was an assembly of the wicked plotting against him (v. 16); for the chief priests sat in council, to consult of ways and means to take Christ. (2.) 4:13 ), but now returned in another manner to attack him with his terrors. Christ, in his sufferings, cried earnestly to his Father for his favour and presence with him. 2. Having engaged to bring many sons to glory, he will perform his engagement to the utmost, and will lose none.III. (5.) On one level, the psalm refers to some event in the life of David, probably when he was being pursued by Saul. All rights reserved. Psalms 22:26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever. They shall be accounted to him for a generation; he will be the same to them that he was to those who went before them. They have enclosed me, v. 16. Note, Serious reflection is the first step, and a good step it is towards true conversion. Those that are much in praying shall be much in thanksgiving: Those shall praise the Lord that seek him, because through Christ they are sure of finding him, in the hopes of which they have reason to praise him even while they are seeking him, and the more earnest they are in seeking him the more will their hearts be enlarged in his praises when they have found him. (22-31). 22:1-10 The Spirit of Christ, which was in the prophets, testifies in this psalm, clearly and fully, the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. This may be applied to David, or any other child of God, in the want of the tokens of his favour, pressed with the burden of his displeasure, roaring under it, as one overwhelmed with grief and terror, crying earnestly for relief, and, in this case, apprehending himself forsaken of God, unhelped, unheard, yet calling him, again and again, "My God,’’ and continuing to cry day and night to him and earnestly desiring his gracious returns. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The dissolution of the whole frame of his body: I am poured out like water, weak as water, and yielding to the power of death, emptying himself of all the supports of his human nature. 1:10 ), and that they should also be incorporated into smaller societies, members of that great body, many religious assemblies for divine worship, on which the face of Christianity should appear and in which the interests of it should be supported and advanced. Therefore Christ is said to praise God in the church, not only because he is the Master of the assemblies in which God is praised, and the Mediator of all the praises that are offered up to God, but because he is the matter of the church’s praise. That these should be accounted the seed of Jacob and Israel (v. 23), that on them, though Gentiles, the blessing of Abraham might come (Gal. This prayer of Christ, no doubt, was answered, for the Father heard him always. 10 For you drew me forth from the womb, made me safe at my mother’s breasts. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. In this psalm David speaks of the humiliation of Christ, ver. The colliquation of his spirits: My heart is like wax, melted to receive the impressions of God’s wrath against the sins he undertook to satisfy for, melting away like the vitals of a dying man; and, as this satisfied for the hardness of our hearts, so the consideration of it should help to soften them. Yet God forsook him, was far from helping him, and did not hear him, and it was this that he complained of more than all his sufferings. His blessed body was lean and emaciated with labour, grief, and fasting, during the whole course of his ministry, which made him look as if he was nearly 50 years old when he was yet but 33, as we find, Jn. New International Version Update. Christ declared the holiness of God, his heavenly Father, in his sharpest sufferings; nay, declared them to be a proof of it, for which he would be continually praised by his Israel, more than for all other deliverances they received. Which may be considered either as … The gospel church is called the Israel of God, Gal. Their agency for him (v. 31): they shall come, shall rise up in their day, not only to keep up the virtue of the generation that is past, and to do the work of their own generation, but to serve the honour of Christ and the welfare of souls in the generations to come; they shall transmit to them the gospel of Christ (that sacred deposit) pure and entire, even to a people that shall be born hereafter; to them they shall declare two things:—(1.) The providences of God concerning David were so very extraordinary that we may suppose there were some wise and good men who then could not but look upon him as a figure of him that was to come. 11:28 . They look and stare upon me, that is, my bones do, being distorted, and having no flesh to cover them, as Job says Job. We must consider and turn. It is God’s honour to help when all other helps and succours fail.2. The generation of the righteous God will graciously own as his treasure, his children. To cry our, My God, why am I sick? is the language of a heart binding up its happiness in God's favour. A seed shall serve him. Here we see the free love and compassion of God the Father, and of our Lord Jesus Christ, for us wretched sinners, as the source of all grace and consolation; the example we are to follow, the treatment as Christians we are to expect, and the conduct under it we are to adopt. And good reason there is why all the kindreds of nations should do homage to God, for (v. 28) the kingdom is the Lord’s; his, and his only, is the universal monarchy. When we want the faith of assurance we must live by a faith of adherence. That God would be with him, and not set himself at a distance from him: Be not thou far from me (v. 11), and again, v. 19. Having thus obtained relief from the oppressive darkness, and regained conscious possession of the joy and light of his Father's countenance, the thoughts and desires of the Redeemer flow into their accustomed channel. And thou art still the same in thyself and the same to thy people that ever thou wast. The prodigal came first to himself, and then to his father. That God would be glorified in the Redeemer and in his undertaking. When the prince of this world with his terrors set upon him, gaped upon him as a roaring lion, he fell upon the ground and prayed. Or it may denote the fear that seized him in his agony in the garden, when he began to be sore amazed, the effect of which perhaps was (as sometimes it has been of great fear, Dan. Verses 11-21 In these verses we have Christ suffering and Christ praying, by which we are directed to look for crosses and to look up to God under them.I. But when he cried unto him, when his blood cried for peace and pardon for us, he heard him. He will think well of God: "But thou art holy, not unjust, untrue, nor unkind, in any of thy dispensations. These enemies were numerous and unanimous: "Many, and those of different and clashing interests among themselves, as Herod and Pilate, have agreed to compass me. On the night before His crucifixion, Jesus prayed a glorious prayer, and one line of that prayer reads: I have declared to … 27:46 ); probably he proceeded to the following words, and, some think, repeated the whole psalm, if not aloud (because they cavilled at the first words), yet to himself. See Eph. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 22 EXEGESIS: INTRODUCTION: This psalm is a lament––a literary form expressing sorrow over a loss. This ought to be the matter of our thanksgiving. 14:30 . That they should be converted: They shall remember, and turn to the Lord. That these his brethren should be incorporated into a congregation, a great congregation; such is the universal church, the whole family that is named from him, unto which all the children of God that were scattered abroad are collected, and in which they are united (Jn. All our praises must refer to the work of redemption. (v. 24): For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted one (that is, of the suffering Redeemer), but has graciously accepted it as a full satisfaction for sin, and a valuable consideration on which to ground the grant of eternal life to all believers. 23. Psalms 22, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. This, as it is the matter of our rejoicing, ought to be the matter of our thanksgiving. (2.) They include the thirst our Messiah had while on the cross (v.15), soldiers gambling for His clothing (v.18), and Jesus speaking about His Father while others are gathered around. Our Lord Jesus, having undertaken to satisfy for the dishonour we had done to God by our sins, did it by submitting to the lowest possible instance of ignominy and disgrace.IV. Note, God will have a church in the world to the end of time; and, in order to that, there shall be a succession of professing Christians and gospel ministers from generation to generation. (1.) The dislocation of his bones. Let that encourage us to hope that we shall be delivered from the lion’s mouth, that we be not torn. Title of the psalm. 1. 19:36 ), but they were all out of joint by the violent stretching of his body upon the cross as upon a rack. No doubt, was answered, for they have beset me round, v. 21 those very were. 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